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IoT: Transforming the future of agriculture

Thousands of years ago, rookie farmers began to sow wild grains on the wetland. About 10,000 years ago, they domesticated wild animals for farming and other uses. And then, people and larger groups changed their nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle to communities and made the journey to a developed domestic life.

Since then, Man hasn't looked back. In the twentieth century, industrial agriculture based on large-scale cultivation came to dominate agricultural output. In 2015, a gentleman in Australia changed his apple orchard's irrigation system to an automated drip system by installing IoT sensors around the plantation. IoT notified him of system issues such as blockages or leaks, which he could control with an app on his phone. He could now reply faster, resulting in optimum use of water. As he can control his irrigation system from anywhere on the planet, he saved time, resources, and effort. Using IoT technology, he could create a higher yield.

Internet of Things in Agriculture: What does it mean for human beings?

By 2050, the world population is expected to reach 9.6 billion people. And the agriculture industry relies significantly on fresh ideas to feed this massive population. The Internet of Things (IoT) helps to solve this problem, by eradicating difficulties such as extreme weather, climatic changes, and environmental impact. IoTs are used to monitor crops, survey and map fields, and deliver data to farmers for sensible farm management plans that save time and money.

Applicability of IoT in Agriculture:

Agriculture uses IoT to monitor farms and gather data by using robots, drones, and sensors. We can use real-time data from IoT devices to help farmers save expenses, enhance yields, and make better decisions with reliable data. It keeps track of variables such as humidity, temperature, and soil and provides a precise, real-time report. As a result, the Internet of Things decreases physical labor and improves the sustainability and enjoyment of farming.

A farmer can benefit from the Internet of Things in the following ways:

  • To save time and labor by remotely monitoring farm conditions and infrastructure.

  • To use data analytics to create better decisions

  • To respond to market demand more quickly using insights and real-time data

  • Sustainably produce food with minimal resource waste.

  • By exchanging agricultural data, to contribute to R&D.

In the agriculture industry, for example, IoT applications enabled farmers to check water tank levels in real-time, making the irrigation process more effective. The advancement of IoT technology in agriculture operations has introduced sensors into every step of the farming process, such as how long it takes a seed to mature into a fully-grown vegetable and how much it costs.

The advantages of the Internet of Things in Agriculture.

Remote Sensing

IoT-based remote sensing collects data from sensors installed along with farms and sends it to an analytical tool for processing. Farmers may keep an eye on their crops using an analytical dashboard and take action based on what they learn.

A farmer, for example, can remotely monitor his crops for changes in light, humidity, temperature, form, and size. Sensors identify any anomalies, which are analyzed, and the farmer is notified. As a result, remote sensing can aid in disease control and crop growth monitoring.

Weather Forecast

Climate change has a significant impact on agriculture. Sensor data on humidity, temperature, moisture precipitation, and dew detection aids in determining the weather pattern in farms so that appropriate crops can be cultivated. An alert is sent whenever any unusual weather conditions are discovered. Physical presence is no longer required under adverse weather conditions. This boosts productivity and allows farmers to reap greater agricultural benefits.

Soil Condition

The nutrient value, drier areas, soil drainage capacity, and acidity can all be determined through soil quality analysis. This information is used to regulate the amount of water required for irrigation and to choose the best types of crops.

Precision Agriculture:

Precision farming allows you to analyze soil conditions and other associated elements to improve operational efficiency. Precision farming enables farmers to collect data, evaluate it, and make informed and timely decisions in areas such as irrigation, livestock management, vehicle tracking, and many more.

Intelligent Greenhouse

In greenhouses, the use of IoT has removed human interaction, making the process more cost-effective and precise. For example, solar-powered IoT sensors can be utilized to build complex and low-cost greenhouses. For precise real-time monitoring of the greenhouse state, these sensors capture data on pressure, humidity, temperature, and light levels. Mobile phones and PCs can be used to monitor water usage and greenhouse conditions.

Data allows for better decision-making by leveraging technical advancements. Farmers can know the real-time state of their crops with the help of IoT sensors, and predictive analytics can provide insight into making better harvesting decisions. Farmers can use trend analysis to predict forthcoming weather conditions and crop harvesting.

Drones for Agriculture:

Drones with sensors and cameras are used for imaging, mapping, and surveying farms to check crop health, as well as for field analysis. Drones can be operated remotely or autonomously via software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems, which work in tandem with sensors and GPS. Drones detect regions that require irrigation improvements. When the crops begin to grow, sensors detect their health and calculate their vegetation index, reducing the amount of chemical that reaches the groundwater and thereby lowering the environmental impact.

Navigation by Machine

Tractors and large plowing equipment can be run automatically from the comfort of your own house using GPS, just like remote-controlled toy vehicles. These integrated automatic devices are highly accurate and self-adjust when different terrains are detected, making labor-intensive operations easier. Smartphones can track their travels as well as their work progress.


Agriculture is changing as a result of digital technology such as the Internet of Things. In the agriculture business, IoT device installation will expand at a compound annual growth rate of 20%. In addition, the number of linked agricultural devices will increase from 13 million in 2014 to 225 million by 2024.

Farmers can track farm operations and performance using data provided by IoT devices, make better-informed decisions to boost farm productivity and yield and adapt more swiftly to changing conditions, saving time and money. IoT devices can collect data on soil moisture, chemical application, dam levels, and livestock health, as well as when to check on a trough's water supply, how much fertilizer to apply to a crop, and which sheep to monitor during lambing.

The Internet of Things is all about data. Our world is becoming technologically connected, and data is a valuable resource. IoT-enabled agriculture has aided in the implementation of cutting-edge technical solutions to age-old expertise. This has aided in bridging the gap between production, quality, and yield amount. Harvest is processed faster and reaches markets in the shortest time possible thanks to end-to-end intelligent operations and improved business process execution.


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